Glaucoma is a condition in which fluid in the eye does not drain properly, often causing increased pressure that can impair the functioning of the retina and optic nerve, both vital to good vision. Some patients with glaucoma do not have elevated eye pressure. The doctors at the Eye Surgery Institute can diagnose glaucoma with a comprehensive eye examination.
Prompt diagnosis and treatment have proved to be effective in minimizing loss of vision due to glaucoma. Patients with glaucoma need to be monitored regularly. If treated too late or not at all, glaucoma can eventually lead to blindness.
Diabetic retinopathy is one of the leading causes of blindness. The chances of developing diabetic retinopathy is related to the length of time you have been a diabetic and the control of your blood sugars. Regular dilated eye examinations are very important to diagnose and treat diabetic retinopathy. With diabetic retinopathy changes to your vision may not be noticeable at first. In its advanced stages, the disease can cause blurred or cloudy vision, floaters and blind spots and, eventually, blindness. More advanced stages of diabetic retinopathy can often be treated if properly diagnosed. The damage from diabetic retinopathy can be irreversible. Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of blindness in American adults. Macular edema, which is leaking fluid that causes blurred vision, often occurs with diabetic retinopathy.
Fortunately, diabetic retinopathy is often preventable. Your risk is reduced if you follow your prescribed diet and medications, exercise regularly, and control your blood pressure. Regular eye exams are an integral part of making sure your eyes are healthy. Diabetic retinopathy can be detected with a complete eye examination including dilation.
The macula is a part of the retina in the back of the eye that ensures that our central vision is clear and sharp. Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) can affect your central vision. ARMD becomes more common as we age. Early stages of ARMD may have no symptoms. ARMD can only be properly diagnosed with a dilated eye examination. Patients may experience anything from a blurry, gray or distorted area to a blind spot in the center of vision.
ARMD doesn’t cause total blindness because it doesn’t affect the peripheral vision. ARMD affects your central vision. This can make it difficult to read or drive a car. There are 2 broad categories of ARMD, dry ARMD and wet ARMD. Wet ARMD can be treated with injections of medication into the eye. The doctors at the Eye Surgery Institute often recommend vitamins which have been shown to decrease the risk of progression of ARMD. The doctors will often recommend monitoring your vision at home with an amsler grid. Possible risk factors of ARMD include genetics, age, diet, smoking and sunlight exposure. Regular eye exams are highly recommended to detect macular degeneration early and prevent permanent vision loss.
Symptoms of macular degeneration (ARMD) include:
A gradual loss of ability to see objects clearly
Distorted or blurry vision
A dark or empty area appearing in the center of vision
If you are interested in learning more about our eye disease diagnosis and treatments at the Eye Surgery Institute in Dearborn, Michigan call 877-393-3326 today to schedule an appointment with Dr. Grandon, Dr. Kronenberg or Dr. Wang.