What is the Difference Between and Ophthalmologist and and Optometrist?
This is a question that is asked quite frequently. You may be confused about the difference between an optometrist and and ophthalmologist (Eye MD). These two professions differ in the amount and type of training. They also differ in what conditions they are able and comfortable to treat.
An ophthalmologist (Eye MD) is a medical doctor who completed an undergraduate degree, four years of medical school and a four year residency. During the residency, the ophthalmologist is trained to perform surgery on the eye. One of the most commonly performed surgeries is cataract surgery. They are also trained to diagnose and treat diseases of the eye. Ophthalmologists can also prescribe glasses and contact lenses at your appointment.
Some doctors opt to also complete a one or two year fellowship program to sub specialize in certain eye conditions. The sub-specialty areas include glaucoma, retina, pediatrics, plastic surgery, cornea, neuro ophthalmology and uveitis. Ophthalmologists who have sub-specialty training may feel comfortable caring for and performing surgery on more complex eye conditions.
An optometrist has completed and undergraduate degree and four years of optometry school. An optometrist has a doctor of Optometry (OD) degree. They primarily perform eye exams and vision tests, prescribing and dispensing glasses and contact lenses, detecting certain eye diseases, and prescribing medications for some eye diseases. Optometrists typically do not perform surgical procedures on the eye.
It is important to maintain regular comprehensive eye examinations to not only check for the need for glasses but also to check for diseases of the eye. Many diseases of the eye become more common with age and are easier to treat if diagnosed at an earlier stage. Dr. Stanley Grandon,Dr. Cindy Wang and I can perform a comprehensive eye examination to check the health of your eyes.
With the aging eye, you may notice more difficulty driving especially at night and in the rain. There are many diseases of the eyes that can contribute to more difficulty driving. These changes often become more common at age 60 or older. A comprehensive eye examination by Dr. Stanley Grandon,Dr. Cindy Wang and I can help diagnosis and treat eye diseases.
It is recommended at age 60 to have a yearly dilated eye examination. If you have a family history of certain diseases of the eye such as glaucoma or macular degeneration it is important to initiate regular eye examinations at an earlier age.
Normal Changes as You Age
As you age, it is normal to rely on glasses for near vision tasks. It is also normal to need more light when reading and feel it takes longer to adjust when you move from the light to dark or vice versa. You may notice changes in your contrast sensitivity. A comprehensive eye exam can ensure you are in the best pair of glasses possible. As you age, you may need glasses that correct for both distance and near tasks.
Vision loss is not a normal part of aging. As you age, you become more likely to develop diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma and age related macular degeneration. Many diseases of the eye are easier to treat if diagnosed at an earlier stage. Some eye diseases can lead to blindness if not treated properly. If diagnosed and treated at an earlier stage, you are more likely to maintain adequate vision for the rest of your life.
If you feel you are uncomfortable with your vision especially when driving, you may have a cataract. Cataract surgery may be indicated if it is interfering with you daily tasks.
Alaina Kronenberg MD
Eye Surgery Institute
15212 Michigan Ave
Dearborn, MI 48126
Eyelid twitching is a common complaint that from patients. You are often very concerned about the health of their eye. The medical term for twitching is called myokymia. It can occur on either the upper or lower eyelid and it is a repetitive involuntary spasm of the muscle.
Twitching can be caused by many things. Some causes include stress, fatigue, dry eyes, blephartis (inflammation of the eyelid), too much caffeine, irritants in the environment and a foreign body touching the eye. Certain medications can also cause eyelid twitching sometimes.
It is important that we treat the underlying cause of the twitching. If signs of dry eyes or blepharitis is detected then we can initiate dry eye or blepharitis treatment. This may include over the counter drops, prescription eye drops, lid hygeine, warm compresses and ointments. We will determine what treatment is best for your condition. If a foreign body is detected, removing it may help also. It is important for you to minimize irritants in your environment also.
Is It Serious?
Usually twitching is not the sign of a serious underlying problem. If the spasms become chronic, you may have what’s known as benign essential blepharospasm. This is the name for chronic and uncontrollable blinking. This can sometimes be treated with injections into the muscle area. Very rarely, eye twitching may be a sign of certain brain and nervous system disorders. Most importantly, it is almost always accompanied by other signs and symptoms. Conditions that can cause this include Bells Palsy, Multiple Sclerosis, Tourettes and Parkinson’s Disease.
In summary, most of the time eyelid twitching is not the sign of a serious medical condition. Treating the surface of the eye can be helpful.
Do you ever wonder if eye myths told to you by your family and friends are true?
Myth: If you lot a lot of carrots it will improve your vision.
Carrots have beta-carotene and are a good source of vitamin A. Eating carrots will not improve your eye site regardless how many you eat. It is always important to maintain a healthy diet with fruits and vegetables.
Myth: Reading in the dark can damage your eyes.
We have all read in the dark. The only thing this will cause is eye fatigue. Your eyes will become tired a bit quicker causing words to seem blurry but this is only temporary and no permanent damage has been done to your vision.
Myth: Starring at the computer all day will ruin your eyes.
When you stare at anything for an extended period of time you tend to blink less causing dryness and eye strain but will not affect your vision. This can occur with reading, any kind of screen use, even watching tv or driving for a long time. It is recommended for you to take regular breaks and frequently glance away from the computer when working for an extended amount of time. Sometimes an artificial tear drop can help with eyes that feel tired or blurry. Staring at the computer will not cause permanent damage to your vision. If your eyes constantly feel dry with prolonged screen time Dr. Cindy Wang, Dr. Stanley Grandon and I can evaluate you and offer treatments to help make your eyes more comfortable.
Myth: Crossing your eyes will make them stay crossed forever.
When you cross your eyes to be funny it may cause some laughs from your friends but it will not cause permanent damage to your eyes. Afterwords, your eyes will return to the normal position. This will not cause any permanent problems to your eyes.
What are medical insurance and vision insurance plans?
There is much confusion regarding what type of insurance you can use when you go to the eye doctor. Most people do not understand the difference between medical insurance and vision insurance plans. Most ophthalmologists practices accept both medical insurance and vision insurance plans. The Eye Surgery Institute is a medical practice and the majority of our examinations are billed to your medical insurance. Dr. Stanley Grandon and I are board certified ophthalmologists and we care mostly for medical eye conditions.
An examination is considered a medical eye exam if Dr. Stanley Grandon, Dr. Cindy Wang or I are evaluating and treating a problem, disease or particular complaint. For example, if you are being treated or evaluated for common eye conditions such as glaucoma, cataracts or age related macular degeneration (ARMD) it is considered as a medical appointment. Also, if you are requesting the appointment for a complaint such as pain, irritation, itching, headaches or redness it is also considered a medical appointment.
What Do I Use My Vision Plan For?
A vision exam is an examination for a prescription for eyeglasses or for contact lenses. At the Eye Surgery Institute, we will also check the general health of your eye. We will inform you if any problems or concerns are noted. If particular concerns are raised Dr. Stanley Grandon, Dr. Cindy Wang or I may request for you to return to the office for a medical appointment.
You can also often use your vision plan to help in purchasing glasses or contact lenses. It is important that you learn the benefits of your vision plan and the coverage options. We offer a full service optical department that also accepts most insurance plans.
How Do I Know If My Insurance is Accepted?
Our experienced staff can assist you with your insurance choices when you call for your appointment. It can be very confusing to determine the difference between medical insurance and vision insurance plans. When you arrive to our office, we will also verify your insurance plan. You are responsible for knowing any co-pays or deductibles with your plan.
You may assume that your eyes are healthy if you have no difficulty with your vision. Sometimes, we can determine that a glasses prescription can allow even better vision. Common eye diseases such as glaucoma, age related macular degeneration (ARMD),diabetic eye disease and early cataracts often have no symptoms at the early or even moderate stages. Early diagnosis and treatment can be very important.
Our goal at the Eye Surgery Institute is to allow you to keep optimal vision your entire life. Many diseases require diagnosis and treatment at early stages to help prevent vision loss in the future.
Many eye diseases can run in your family. It is important to know your family history of eye diseases. If you have a strong family history of eye problems, it is important to have more frequent eye examinations especially as you age.
It is important to wear safety eye protection especially when working with tools, machines or chemicals. This can include safety glasses, eye shields and goggles. Many are made of polycarbonate because it is much stronger and more protective. It is especially important to wear eye protection if you only have one eye that sees well.
It can be helpful to eat a healthy diet with lots of green, leafy vegetables. This can help prevent certain eye diseases such as macular degeneration.
It is useful to wear sunglasses when outside. This can help prevent against cataracts and macular degeneration. It is also helpful to not smoke. Smoking is bad for your overall health, including your eyes.
The Midwest Eye Clinic in Dearborn, Michigan has now closed. It served the population of Dearborn and the surrounding communities for eye and other health care needs. Eye Surgery Institute is accepting new patients. The Eye Surgery Institute has been serving the Dearborn and surrounding community for over 60 years. We are happy to welcome patients of the Midwest Clinic who are looking for health care.
Dr. Stanley Grandon,Dr. Alaina Kronenberg and Dr. Cindy Wang would like to welcome you to join our practice. We perform comprehensive medical and surgical eye care and have a full service optical department also. Our doctors can serve all of your eye care needs. We accept most insurance plans.
Eye Surgery Institute/Midwest Eye Clinic
Dr. Stanley Grandon, Dr. Alaina Kronenberg are comprehensive board certified ophthalmologists who perform medical and surgical care of your eyes. We strive to provide the highest quality care and pride ourselves on taking much time with each patient to ensure all your questions and concerns are addressed. We perform a thorough, comprehensive eye examination.
Dr. Cindy Wang is an optometrist who specializes in fitting glasses and contact lenses. She is excellent at fitting contact lenses in patients who have been difficult to fit with contacts in the past. Dr. Wang has also been specially trained in fitting patient who have corneal conditions such as keratoconus and prior RK eye surgery. She also specializes in low vision eye care. She can help provide special glasses and other low vision aids to allow a better quality of life for patients with low vision.
We Hope You Join Our Practice from Midwest Eye Clinic!
If you were previously a patient at the Midwest Eye Clinic, we hope you will join us at the Eye Surgery Institute for your continued eye care needs!